Galileo – European navigation satellite system (EUSPA - EU Agency for the Space Programme / YouTube)
What is Galileo?
Galileo is a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) built by the European Union (EU) and the only such system under civilian control. Other global systems are the US GPS, the Russian GLONASS and the Chinese BeiDou, all of which are managed by defence administrations.
Decisions on the implementation and use of the Galileo system are made by the European Union and its Member States. The most critical services provided by the Galileo system are available to the EU Member States even during crises. Such access cannot be completely guaranteed when using navigation satellite systems under the control of other actors.
A significant share of the services offered by the Galileo system have already been available since 2016. Galileo’s basic services are planned to become fully available in 2024. This will be followed by Full Operational Capability (FOC) declaration of the public regulated service and other special services in 2026. Development work on the system will continue beyond that date.
A majority of recent devices, including consumer mobile phones and other smart devices, have built-in support for Galileo basic services. Some other devices may require a software update to enable Galileo support.